History of Semarang

HISTORY Glance SEMARANG, as the Mother city of Central Java, Semarang city has a long history. At first only from the plains of mud, which later evolved rapidly into the environmental progress and manifest themselves as an important city. As a big city, it absorbs a lot of newcomers. They are, then look for livelihood and settled in the city of Semarang until the end. Then one after another following the lives of the next generation. In the past, there was a prince of the sultanate of Demak named Madeleine with her son Raden Pandan Pandan Arang, leaving Demak go to Somewhere West region who later named the island Tirang, clearing forests and establishing boarding schools and Islamic religious broadcasting. From time to time that the more fertile areas, from the sidelines that fertility munculah tamarind that charcoal (Javanese: Asem Charcoal), thus giving the title or the name of that area became Hyderabad.

As a founder of the village, then he was appointed head of the local area, with a degree Kyai Pandan Arang Ageng I. After him, regional leaders, held by his son who holds Pandan Arang II. Under the leadership of Pandan Arang, Semarang area continued to show growth increases, so attracted the attention of Sultan Hadiwijaya and Display. Because the requirements of local improvement can be met, it was decided to make the level with the District of Semarang. Finally Pandan Arang by Sultan Pajang in consultation with the Sunan Kalijaga, also coincided with the commemoration of the Prophet Muhammad's birthday, the 12th of Rabi beginning of the year 954 H or coincide with the date May 2, 1547 AD, is crowned the first regent. On the "customary and political stand of Semarang city." Reign of Pandan Arang II shows the welfare and prosperity that can be enjoyed by residents. But those days could not last long because in accordance with the advice of Sunan Kalijaga, Regent Pandan Arang II resigned from the worldly life abundant. He left his post, leaving the city of Hyderabad with the family headed south past the Salatiga and Boyolali, finally came to a hill named jabalekat in Klaten district. This area, he became an announcer Islam and unify the southern part of Central Java and the title Sunan Tembayat. He died in 1553 and was buried atop Mount Jabalkat. After Regent Pandan Arang resign then replaced by Raden Ketib, Prince Kanoman or Pandan Arang III (1553-1586), then followed by subsequent replacement of Mas R. Tumenggung Tambi (1657-1659), Mas Tumenggung Wongsorejo (1659 - 1666), Mas Tumenggung Prawiroprojo (1966-1670), Mas Tumenggung kestrel (1670-1674), Kyai Mertonoyo, Kyai Tumenggung. Yudonegoro or Kyai Duke Suromenggolo (1674 -1701), Raden Raden Maotoyudo or Summmgrat (1743-1751), Marmowijoyo or Sumowijoyo or Sumonegoro or Surohadmienggolo (1751-1773), Surohadimenggolo IV (1773 -?), Duke Surohadimenggolo V or Kanjeng Terboyo ( ?), Raden Tumenggung Surohadiningrat (? -1841), Putro Surohadimenggolo (1841-1855), Mas Ngabehi Reksonegoro (1855-1860), RTP Suryokusurno (1860-1887), RTP Reksodirjo (1887-1891), RMTA Purbaningrat (1891 - ?), Raden Cokrodipuro (? -1927), RM Soebiyono (1897-1927), RM Amin Suyitno (1927-1942), RMAA Sukarman Mertohadinegoro (1942-1945), R. Taruna Soediyono Kusumo (1945-1945), only lasted a month, M. Soemardjito Priyohadisubroto (1946, 1949 to 1952 of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia) during RIS administration of federal pemerintahann RM.Condronegoro appointed Regent until 1949. After recognition of the sovereignty of the Netherlands, handed over to the office of Regent M. Sumardjito. His successor is R. Oetoyo Koesoemo (1952-1956). His position as Regent of Semarang no longer take care of the city but take care of the area outside the city of Semarang. This occurred as a result of Semarang as perkembangnya Township.

In 1906 with Stanblat Number 120 was established in 1906 Gemeente Government. The government of this great city is headed by a Burgemeester (Mayor). Government System is held by the Dutch ended in 1942 with the Japanese occupation government datangya. During the Japanese government was formed in Semarang who headed the Military (Shico) from Japan. Accompanied by two representatives (Fuku Shico) each from Japan and a nation of Indonesia. After Indonesian independence was proclaimed on 17 August 1945, the local government of Semarang has not to carry out their duties because of the occupation of the Netherlands. In 1946 the British on behalf of the Allies handed over to the city of Semarang Belanda.Ini occur on stairs l6 May 1946. June 3, 1946 with deceptive muslihatnya, the Netherlands menaiigkap Mr. Sudjahri priest, the mayor of Semarang before the proclamation of independence. Shortly after independence, the date 15 to October 20, 1945 there was a heroic event Semarang youths who fought the Japanese army who insisted on not willing to surrender to the forces of the Republic. This struggle is known as the Battle of Five Days. During the period of Dutch occupation there are no local government of Semarang city. Narnun the fighters in the field of government still running the government in rural areas or refugee area outside the city until December 1948. evacuation areas moving from the city Purwodadi, Gubug, Kedungjati, Salatiga, and finally in Yogyakarta. Government leaders in a row held by R Broken, R. Prawotosudibyo and Mr. Ichsan. Dutch occupation government, known as Recomba trying to reshape the Gemeente like the days of colonial rule first under the leadership of R Slamet Tirtosubroto. It did not work, because in the recovery of sovereignty should be handed to the Commander KMKB Hyderabad in February 1950. First date April 1950 Major Suhardi, Commander KMKB. hand over the leadership of local governments to Mr Koesoedibyono Hyderabad, a high official of the Interior Ministry in Yogyakarta. He recast the government officials in order to facilitate the running of the government. Since 1945 the mayor who led the major cities of Semarang who later became the Township and eventually became the city of Semarang is as follows:

1. Mr. Moch.lchsan

2. Mr. Koesoebiyono (1949 - 1 July 1951)

3. RM. Hadisoebeno Sosrowardoyo (July 1, 1951 - January 1, 1958)

4. Mr. Abdulmadjid Djojoadiningrat (7Januari 1958 - January 1, 1960)

5. RM Soebagyono Tjondrokoesoemo (January 1, 1961 - April 26, 1964)

6. Mr. Wuryanto (25 April 1964-1 September 1966)

7. Lieutenant Colonel. Soeparno (1 September 1966 - March 6, 1967)

8. Lieutenant Colonel. R. Warsito Soegiarto (March 6, 1967 - 2 January 1973)

9. Colonel Hadijanto (2Januari 1973 - January 15, 1980)

10. Kol. H. Soeparto Tjakrajoeda Imam SH (January 15, 1980 - 19 January 1990)

11. Colonel H. Soetrisno Suharto (19Januari 1990-19 January 2000)

12. H. Sukawi Sutarip SH. (January 19, 2000 - present)

Physical Growth

Broadly speaking, the growth of the city of Semarang has undergone berubahan - physical changes from year to year between:

• Period before Alluvial Plain is formed

• Period of 900 s / d 1500

• Period Year of 1500 s / d 1700

• Period Year of 1700 s / d 1906

• Period Year of 1906 s / d 1942

• Period In 1942 s / d 1976